Friday, January 26, 2007

mLearning Info

a Wikipedia URL

A Definition:
“M-Learning is the intersection of mobile computing and e-learning: accessible resources wherever you are, strong search capabilities, rich interaction, powerful support for effective learning, and performance-based assessment. E-Learning independent of location, time or space” (Quinn, 2000).

Quinn C (2000). M-Learning. Mobile, Wireless, In-Your-Pocket Learning. Linezine, Fall 2000. Available at

From a pedagogical perspective, mobile learning supports a new dimension in the
educational process. Characteristics (Chen et. al., 2002) of mobile learning include:
1. urgency of learning need;
2. initiative of knowledge acquisition;
3. mobility of learning setting;
4. interactivity of the learning process;
5. 'situatedness' of instructional activities; and
6. integration of instructional content.

Chen, Y.S., Kao, T.C., Sheu, J.P. and Chiang, C.Y. (2002). A Mobile Scaffolding-
Based Bird-Watching Learning System. In M. Milrad, H. U. Hoppe and Kinshuk
(Eds.), IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies
(pp. 15-22). Los Alamitos, USA: IEEE Computer Society.

“…obstacles can be summarised in the following form:
• Limited memory and storage are major inhibitors.
• Screens are generally too small for the use of any sophisticated applications.
• Intermittent connectivity is a major barrier.
• Cross-platform solutions are not yet possible.
• Links to learning management systems or enterprise systems are in an embryonic stage of development.
• The industry is plagued by proprietary solutions.
• Transmitting across different browsers and platforms is almost impossible.
• Existing applications are not easily integrated to the mobile technology environment.
• Start-up costs are invariably high.
• Tracking outcomes is difficult.
• Security is a major issue.
• Cost of accessing major third-party networks is punitive.
• Multiple permissions are necessary in terms of negotiated access.
• Continuous technology development militates against stability and sustainability in terms of mounting viable m-learning applications.” (McLean, N., 2003).

McLean, N. (2003). The M-Learning Paradigm: an Overview. A Report for the Royal Academy of Engineering and the Vodafone Group Foundation.
accessed 18nov06 at

Brown T H (2003). Towards a Model for M-Learning in Africa.
Available at

Kinshuk (2003). Adaptive mobile learning technologies.
Available at

Mobilearn (2003). The Mobilearn Project Vision.
Available at

O’Malley C et al (2003). Mobilearn WP4 – Guidelines for Learning/Teaching/Tutoring in a Mobile Environment. Available at:

Singh H (2003). Leveraging Mobile and Wireless Internet.
Available at

Possible mLearning working definition--
mLearning is the transmission or reception of intentional or incidental learning through physically small mobile and portable devices.

No comments: